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How can I reduce the amount of interest I pay on a loan?

There are a number of ways to reduce the amount of interest paid on a loan

Accelerated payments
Accelerated payments are a new trend in paying down a loan sooner.
With accelerated payments, the monthly payment rate is calculated, and divided by 2 (for accelerated bi-weekly or accelerated semi-monthly) or 4 (for accelerated weekly) payments.
Over the course of the month, the borrower pays the same total amount as if it was a monthly payment, however as that payment happens more frequently less interest is accrued and the loan is finished sooner.

Pre-pay as much as possible
Pre-payment of a loan will pay down principal faster, and prevent as much interest from accruing on the loan.
This can be an early payment on a loan or a regular additional payment on a loan.
As an example, a $10,000, 10 year loan at 10% interest compounded annually with annual payments will have a total of $6,274.54 in interest paid over its term. A $9,500 (only $500 less) will have $5,960.81 in interest paid over the same term – for total interest savings of $313.73.

Longer compounding terms
Longer compounding terms (such as annual or semi-annual) will reduce the amount of interest accumulated on a loan while shorter ones (such as daily or weekly) will increase it.
This is because shorter compounding terms create compound interest at a greater rate.

More frequent payment terms
More frequent payment terms (daily or weekly as opposed to semi-annual or annual) will pay down the principal of the loan faster, meaning that less interest accumulates on the loan.

Negotiate a lower interest rate
Many lenders are willing to consider a lower rate, especially in higher interest rate markets (such as credit card debt) where the debt can more easily be consolidated.

Consolidate for a lower interest rate
If lenders are not willing to lower a debt, then consolidating for a lower interest rate is possible.
With consolidation, a new loan is taken out to pay off other loans – often with the new loan having one lower interest rate than all the combined loans. Sometimes this is with a personal loan, other times it is through an addition to a mortgage or credit line.

Shorter loan timeline
A shorter loan timeline will mean far less interest paid through the course of the loan.
As an example, a 10 year loan for $10,000 at 10% interest compounded annually with annual payments will have a total of $6,274.54 in interest paid in that time, while the same loan over a 5 year period will only have $3,189.87 ($3,084.67 less) in interest paid in that time.