Pace Factor Calculator (Basketball)

LAST UPDATE: March 8th, 2020

Pace Factor Calculator

What is Pace Factor?

Pace Factor is a metric that measures the number of possessions of the ball by a team in a basketball game.
A pace factor of 100 from 1 game would indicate that there were a total of 100 possessions in the game, while a pace factor of 100 over 100 games would indicate that a team averages 100 possessions per game.

How to calculate Pace Factor

Pace Factor (Pace) is calculated as:
\text{Pace Factor} = \text{Minutes per Game} \times \frac{\text{Team Possessions} + \text{Opponent Possessions}}{2 \times \frac{\text{Team Minutes Played}}{5}}


In a game, a team has had 82 possessions and their opponents 77. The team’s players have played for a total of 240 minutes, and the match was 48 minutes long.
\text{Pace Factor} = 48 \times \frac{82 + 77}{2 \times \frac{240}{5}}
\text{Pace Factor} = 48 \times \frac{159}{2 \times 48}
\text{Pace Factor} = 48 \times \frac{159}{96}
\text{Pace Factor} = 48 \times 1.656
\text{Pace Factor} = 79.5
Therefore, this team has a pace factor of 79.5.

What is Possession in Basketball?

In basketball, possession happens when a team gains offensive possession of the ball. That possession ends when the team scores, loses the ball, or commits a foul or violation.

What is Team Minutes Played?

Team minutes played is the total number of minutes played by all players on the team.
If a regulation game is 48 minutes, then the team minutes played would be 48 minutes x 5 players = 240 team minutes.

What is Minutes per Game?

Minutes per game is the number of minutes of regulation time in one game.
In the NBA, regulation length of a basketball game is 48 minutes.
In the WNBA, FIBA (Federation of International Basketball) and NCAA, regulation game time is 40 minutes.
High school games are often a total of 32 minutes.
Other game lengths may be possible depending on the league.

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